Lesson 5 - According to Paul
Jesus as the Crucified Risen Christ
For the Apostle Paul the problem he faced after his conversion was how a crucified Jew (Jesus) could be the messiah who reconciled the world to God. Before his conversion, Paul understood that an individual was justified (made right with God as a member of God’s family) through the Law; meaning that by being obedient to the commandments of God (written and oral) one was justified. But at his conversion on the road to Damascus (when Jesus appeared to him) and his subsequent education about Jesus as messiah, by a believer named Ananias, Paul was forced to rethink not only how one was justified but also what role Jesus played in that process. In other words, his experience of Jesus made him rethink his Jewish world view.
Below you will see the Jewish World View as described by Paul, followed by Paul’s understanding of the problem, and then Paul’s solution of how Jesus fits into and brings to fulfillment the Jewish hope for a re-created world in which people are justified.
The Jewish World View
The Solution as Paul Presents It
The Apostle Paul sees Jesus through the lens of the ancient story of Israel (Creation, Fall, Abraham, Law, Re-creation). It is Jesus who completes the story of re-creation. He does so through his death and resurrection. Thus for Paul those two acts, crucifixion and resurrection, are the keys to understanding who Jesus is and why he came.